Alanine is a nonessential amino acid, which means that it
is manufactured from other amino acids in the liver; it does not have to be
obtained directly through the diet.
Alanine is necessary for the promotion of proper blood
glucose levels from dietary protein. It is involved in gluconeogenesis - the
manufacture of glucose from alanine by the liver.
Deficiencies of a nonessential amino acid will not occur
if a well-balanced diet is consume because the intake of proper foods will
allow the body to produce exactly the amount of amino acid required to function
Alanine can be applied in the stabilization of blood sugar
with problems of glucose intolerance and hypoglycemia. Therapeutic doses of
alanine range from 500 to 2,000 mg per day.